GAUCÍN: Balcony of the Ronda Mountains where the Holy Child appeared to St. John of God.
The illustrious, always noble, very hospitable village of Gaucín.

Geography

See Gaucin's location on Google Maps

Gaucín, 626 meters above sea level, is the most western point of the Serranía de Ronda, Penibética. Some of its peaks are than 2000 meters high, and it is crossed by the Genal, Guadiaro (River of gold, so-called by pre-Roman inhabitants) and Hozgarganta rivers.
View from Gaucin down to Gibraltar
Gaucín is a natural lookout point from which one can see the Campo de Gibraltar, Algeciras, the Straits and Africa.

The township of Gaucín borders
- to the northeast, Cortes de la Frontera
- to the east, the Sierra Bermeja mountains
- to the west, Jimena de la Frontera (Cádiz)
- to the south, Casares and the Sierra Crestellina

HOW TO GET HERE
ROADS:
Manilva/Sabinillas - approx. 30-35 minute drive from the coastal (N-340) and about a 25-30 minute drive from the new A-7 toll road exit at Manilva.
Ronda - approx. 45 minutes
Algeciras - approx. 1 hour
Ronda/Jerez - approx. 2 hours
AIRPORTS:
Malaga - approx. 1 ½ hours
Gibraltar - approx. 1 hour
Sevilla - approx. 2 ½ hours
TRAIN:
Gaucin train station is at Colmenar, about a ½ hour drive from the village. Trains leave several times a day to both coastal and inland stops.
BUS:
There are buses from Ronda and Algeciras.

CLIMATE
Gaucín´s benign climate, due to its maritime influence, distinguishes it from other pueblos in the Ronda mountains, which are colder in winter and hotter in summer. Maximum temperature is in the low 30´s, and the minimum rarely reaches 0. Medium annual temperature is 12 degrees and rainfall is 732.5 liters. There has been a snowfall twice in the last century.

florFLORA
Many varieties of oak, chestnuts, almonds, St. John´s bread (algarrobo), poplars, elms, willows and pines grow in abundance. Thriving fruit trees include the pomegranate, quince, and fig. Herbs of astounding variety and an exuberance of wildflowers make Gaucín a favored destination for plant lovers.

ZOOLOGY
Mammals: foxes and wild cats, mongoose, martens, badgers, weasels, moles and porcupines, bats, and wild boar inhabit the countryside.
Birds: Gaucín is a major point for the transit of migratory birds. Full-time dwellers include many varieties of raptors, nightingales, partridge and quail, martins, doves, carpenter birds, etc.

LOS ALCORNOCALES NATIONAL PARK
chaparroLos Alcornocales Park, which borders the township of Gaucín, is the largest, oldest and greatest forest in Europe. 1,092,565 specimens of cork oaks (alcornoques) and over 250,000 gall oaks cover 168,661 hectares. It is a remnant of the great forest that covered the whole of Spain before they began cutting it down in the 16th century to provide wood for the sailing ships. Every tree produces more than nine kilos of oxygen a day, and absorbs six of carbon dioxide; thus, the forest is a giant green lung. Deer, wild boar, Spanish ibex and a variety of raptors are among the many fauna native to the forest.